Project Ref: NGCM-0049
Project Homepage: Visit here
Supervisor: Prof Stefano Moretti
Academic Unit: Physics & Astronomy
Research Group: Theory
Co-supervisor: Dr Elena Accomando
Research Area: Other
Project Description: A Higgs boson was discovered in July 2012 at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) during Run 1, which led to the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics. In May 2015, the LHC started colliding beams at Run 2. The new stage, at higher energy and luminosity, will enable precision measurements of the properties of the discovered Higgs boson as well afford one with excellent discovery prospects of additional Higgs particles predicted by several Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) theories.
A light Higgs boson belonging to some BSM scenario would decay to b-quark pairs most of the times. However, the current description of strong interactions, Quantum Chromo-Dynamics (QCD), predicts 'confinement': that is, particles carrying a colour charge, such as b-quarks, cannot exist in free form. Rather, they fragment into colourless hadrons before they can be directly detected, as 'jets'.
Jets have long been studied and a very good understanding of their dynamics has been achieved. Nonetheless, the advent of the LHC calls for gaining a much deeper insight into their behaviour, in view of the fact that the ever larger energy available therein produces jets over new kinematic ranges.
Specifically, for the case of b-jets originating from light Higgs decays, these tend to be highly boosted, therefore merging into 'fat' structures that ought to be recognised and resolved into their constituents in order to access Higgs properties. Even the exploitation of the fact that b-quarks have a finite lifetime (unlike lighter quarks or gluons), hence that the hadrons they produce eventually decay away from the interaction point (via displaced vertices), thereby rendering b-jets in principle distinguishable from other jets, requires re-assessment in the new kinematic regime.
The project seeks to clarify the dynamics of such b-jets above and beyond current knowledge, by exploiting advanced computational models of multi-particle interactions relying upon Monte Carlo event generation for the fragmentation and hadronisation process combined with very advanced QCD predictions for the hard scattering and fragmentation of multi-b-quark final states, in order to closely mimic the actual conditions existing at the LHC. Novel jet reconstruction algorithms will have to be developed. As a result, significant step change with respect to ongoing studies will occur and this will be facilitated by high performance computing.
Keywords: Computational Physics, Physical Sciences, Particle Physics
Support: All studentships provide access to our unique facilities and training and research support .